Greatest Mountains of the World

Covering around 22 percent of the earth’s land surface, mountains play a critical role in moving the world towards sustainable economic growth. They not only provide sustenance and well-being to 915 million mountain people around the world, representing 13 percent of global population, but indirectly benefit billions more living downstream. On the occasion of “International Mountain Day” here is list of 10 Greatest Mountains of the World.

1. Mount Everest

Greatest Mountains of the World

Source: eliasaikaly.com

At 8,848 meters (29,029 ft), Mount Everest is the highest mountain on Earth. It is located in the Mahalangur mountain range in Nepal and Tibet. Mount Everest attracts many mountaineers and trekkers around the world. There are two main climbing routes for Mount Everest, one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal which is known as Standard route and the other from the north in Tibet. Every mountaineers dream is to summit Mount Everest which tops our Greatest Mountains of the World list.

2. Matterhorn

Greatest Mountains of the World - Matterhorn

Source: Wikimedia

The Matterhorn – mystical, majestic, the mountain of mountains. Triangular in shape symbolize cragged rock tooth ranging into the sky and is said to be the most-photographed mountain in the world. The Matterhorn is a mountain of the Alps, straddling the border between Switzerland and Italy. It is a huge pyramidal peak in the Monte Rosa area of the Pennine Alps, whose summit is 4,478 metres (14,692 ft) high, making it one of the highest summits in the Alps and Europe.

3. K2

Greatest Mountains of the World - K2

Source: Wikimedia

K2 – the world’s second highest peak – 28,251 feet [8,611 metres] above sea level, second only to Mount Everest. It is located on the China-Pakistan border  between Baltistan, in the Gilgit–Baltistan region. K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram Range and the highest point in Pakistan. K2 is known as the Savage Mountain due to the extreme difficulty of ascent. It has the second-highest fatality rate among the eight thousanders. With around 300 successful summits and 80 fatalities, about one person dies on the mountain for every four who summit.

4. Mountains of Banff

Greatest Mountains of the World - Mountains-of-Banff

Source: Wikimedia

Mountains of Banff is situated in Banff National Park which is Canada’s oldest national park, established in 1885 in the Rocky Mountains. Banff’s mountains displays different shapes which have been the composition of Rock deposits and its layers. The 3,618 meter (11,870 ft) high it has been unofficially named the “Matterhorn” of North America.

5. Mount Kailash

Greatest Mountains of the World - Mount-Kailash

Source: sonamadventures

Mount Kailash is a striking peak in the Himalayan Mountains of western Tibet which forms part of the Transhimalaya in Tibet. It lies near the source of some of the longest rivers in Asia, the Indus River, the Sutlej River, the Brahmaputra River, and the Karnali River which is a tributary of the River Ganga. It is considered a sacred place in four religions: Bön, Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. The mountain lies near Lake Manasarovar and Lake Rakshastal in Tibet.

6. Monte Fitz Roy

Greatest Mountains of the World - Monte-Fitz-Roy

Source: Wikimedia

Monte Fitz Roy-  3,375 meter (11,073 ft) high  is an extraordinary snowcapped towers of the Fitz Roy range, which offer plenty of world-class hiking and mountaineering along with some of the most stunning mountain scenery you’ll ever see.  Monte Fitz Roy is a mountain located near El Chaltén village, in the Southern Patagonian Ice Field in Patagonia, on the border between Argentina and Chile. This mountain is First climbed by French alpinists Lionel Terray and Guido Magnone in 1952, it remains among the most technically challenging mountains for mountaineers on Earth. 

7. Aoraki Mount Cook

Greatest Mountains of the World - Aoraki-Mount-Cook

Source: Wikimedia

Aoraki Mount Cook is located in the centre of New Zealand’s South Island, Aoraki / Mount Cook Mackenzie is home to breathtaking landscapes and the mountaineer’s spirit of adventure. It is the highest mountain in New Zealand as 3724m (12,218 ft), having earlier been measured at 3754m. It is it is also a favorite challenge for mountain climbers and one of the difficult summits in the world.

8. Mount Huang

Greatest Mountains of the World- Huangshan

Source: Wikimedia

Mount Huang, known as ‘the loveliest mountain of China’, also known as Huangshan (“Yellow Mountain”). Vegetation on the range is thickest below 1,100 meters (3,600 ft), with trees growing up to the treeline at 1,800 meters (5,900 ft). The tallest peak in the Huangshan mountain range is the Lotus Peak at 1,864 meters (6,115 ft).  The area is well known for its scenery, sunsets, peculiarly-shaped granite peaks, Huangshan Pine trees, hot springs, winter snow, and views of the clouds from above and it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

9. Amphitheatre, Drakensberg

Greatest Mountains of the World - Amphitheatre_Drakensberg

Source: Wikimedia

The Amphitheatre is the most recognizable and dramatically imposing feature of the Drakensberg mountain range. It is one of the geographical features of the Northern Drakensberg, South Africa, and is widely regarded as one of the most impressive cliff faces on earth rising to 3,482 metres (11,420 ft) in height. The Amphitheatre is over 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) in length and has precipitous cliffs rising approximately 1,220 metres (4,000 ft) along its entire length.

10. Mount Kinabalu

mount-kinabalu

Source: photoburst.net

Mount Kinabalu is a prominent mountain on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. With a summit height at 4,095 meters (13,435 ft), it is Borneo’s tallest mountain. It is located in the East Malaysian state of Sabah and is protected as Kinabalu Park, a World Heritage Site. Mount Kinabalu is also the 20th most prominent mountain in the world by topographic prominence.

 

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